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A bunion is an enlargement at the base of the big toe caused by a mal-alignment of the joint. It may be swollen, tender and painful, especially when wearing shoes.


  • 8 out of 1,000 males have a bunion.
  • 38 out of 1,000 females have a bunion.
  • 55 out of 1,000 people aged 65 or older have a bunion.
  • 63% of patients with bunions see a podiatrist.


  • Heredity
  • Biomechanical abnormalities
  • Neuromuscular disorders
  • Inflammatory joint disease (arthritis)
  • Trauma
  • Congenital deformities
  • Ill-fitting shoes


  • Wear a shoe with good support and a wide toe box.
  • Apply cold compresses.
  • Soak the foot in lukewarm water to relieve pain.
  • Use over-the-counter foot pads.
  • Use over-the-counter anti-inflammatories.

WHAT CAN A Foot Health Practitioner DO FOR YOU?

  • Perform a physical examination of the foot.
  • Suggest that you see your Doctor for referral to have an X-ray, bone scan, CT, MRI or other imaging studies. 
  • Recommend padding or taping.
  • Prescribe orthoses as needed.

Contact Us

mapTrekeek Foot Health Clinic, Trekeek Farm, Camelford, Cornwall, PL32 9UB

map01840 213054